Berlin, 30 years without the wall: all the images that changed history
Built on 13 August 1961 and fell on 9 November 1989, the Berlin Wall is one of the symbols of the ideological excess of the 1900s. It was established to stop the exodus of the population from the German Democratic Republic to the Federal Republic of Germany , the richest area of the territory and placed under the control of France, the United Kingdom and the USA.
Its official name was "anti-fascist protection barrier" and it was intended to defend the East Germans from the West. & Nbsp; Almost 155 kilometers long and about 4 meters high, the Wall was initially composed of replaced barbed wire rolls subsequently by vertical concrete slabs reinforced by metal plates.
The first victim of the Wall was Ida Siekmann. The 59-year-old leapt from the third floor of her apartment on the sidewalk that belonged to West Berlin. He died in an attempt to reach his relatives. 138 people are said to have lost their lives trying to cross the border, but it is estimated that over 5,000 have managed to escape. However, these are figures often questioned. Those who fled did so through the Teltow canal, hiding in cars or crawling inside tunnels dug by teams of volunteers.
28 years after its construction, following political pressure on the government of East Germany to grant its citizens greater freedom of movement, on 9 November 1989 a spokesman declared that East Germans would be free to travel to West Germany . As soon as the news became known, thousands of people began to gather at checkpoints on both sides. Overwhelmed by the number of citizens rushed, the guards stopped checking passports and the Germans freely passed from one country to another. On 11 and 12 November the first portions of walls began to fall, but only on 22 December the barrier was actually demolished. & Nbsp;
Of the wall today in Berlin there are some pieces inserted on new foundations. It is about the erinnerungskultur, the culture of memory that the Germans have strongly wanted to maintain. & Nbsp;
Today we celebrate the liberation of Europe from communism ... will there be some radical-chic intellectual who will remind us that those who forget the past are condemned to repeat it?
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