Russia after the fall of the Berlin Wall: Again isolated from the West
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov will not visit Germany for the celebrations marking the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. Moscow will be represented by its ambassador, Sergei Nechaev, RBC reports, citing Maria Zakharova, a spokesman for the diplomatic agency.
Lavrov has been invited by the German side, but will not be able to attend due to a tense program, the newspaper quotes an explanation of the federal embassy in Russia.
During the anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall - an event that became a symbol of the end of the Cold War, dividing the world into two camps, Russia seeks new isolationism and opposition to the West, without either the resources of the Soviet Union or with a positive agenda, finds "Vedomosti" quoted by BTA.
In a series of photos, "News" tells of the destruction of the Wall, the "fortified border" between East and West, and reminds of the dozens killed in trying to cross it.
The museum of the former Checkpoint Charlie checkpoint is one of the most famous sites reminiscent of the events of the time, notes the publication in an interview with the widow of its founder - historian Rainer Hildebrand. "My husband told me the most important thing was not to show blood, but how people overcame injustice," says Alexandra Hildebrand.
"Russian President Vladimir Putin has not been to Berlin in a long time. But we would like him to visit our museum someday. He does not necessarily agree with what we are showing. Because regardless of the views of the countries, it is always very important for them to talk to each other. We live in a world where you can't hide from anyone, "adds the curator of the museum.
More than half of the participants - 53 percent, say they only know about the event in general terms, and 12 percent hear about it for the first time. 35 percent are well-informed, mostly people over 55, and 1 percent are unanswered.
The share of positive assessments of the fall of the Wall in ten years has decreased by almost a third. In 2009, 63 percent of the respondents gave a good or very good estimate of the event, and now only 43 percent.
The new generation can hardly grasp the events of 30 years ago; In addition, today's geopolitical confrontation between Russia and the West is reflected, Sergei Obukhov, secretary of the Russian Communist Party, said.
"One wall fell, another appeared - and only a thousand kilometers from Moscow," he says. According to him, the new "wall" passes through Ukraine, past Smolensk, along Russia's borders with Georgia and the Baltic states.
The merger of the two Germanys did not form a unified German society. Moreover, the division in it is deepening with each passing year, writes the Russian edition of Life. "West Germans increasingly consider Eastern pigs an ungrateful pig, while Easterners feel deceived by life. The big newspapers of the gigantic concern feel entitled to offend, rightly, the East Germans, calling them right-wing extremists, fascists and Nazis. remember that it is state propaganda, they don't believe in the big newspapers or the big Berlin politicians - because they feel the demagogy of a kilometer away. No wonder politicians from the eastern provinces of the Bundestag count on their toes, "explains the elect. tional newspaper.
Germany is still divided into East and West, according to Novaya Gazeta. Once socialist, today East Germany is a hotbed of xenophobia and far-right ideology. Three decades after the unification, the East and the West seem to be diverging again. East Germans vote for right-wing radicals, support neo-Nazis, the paper said.
"What formed the East Germans? The harsh, authoritarian upbringing in the family, first supported by the pressure of the Nazi Third Reich, then - without interruption, by the power of the socialist state. After the GDR's collapse in the eastern regions, an" ideological vacuum was formed. filled by the far right.
Young Germans are free from the dramas and disasters of the 20th century. It seems to them that the burden of history no longer rests on their shoulders. But the past is not dying. It can only be forgotten, "emphasizes Novaya Gazeta.
Germany has become an even more powerful player in the EU, able to dictate its own terms to its partners. The US may also be winning. Because Washington was looking at the problem of German unification through the lens of the Cold War, and it sought to reduce the influence of the Soviet Union in Europe. France, once Germany's full partner in the European tandem, has managed to retain positions in the EU, but Berlin's first violin is still playing. There is nothing to talk about London - it will soon leave Europe and embark on a solitary voyage, the Moscow official continues.
"What about Russia? Alas, the pan-European home that Mikhail Gorbachev dreamed of has not yet been built. Although the Germans remember that without Moscow's good will, their journey to their desired destination would surely be far longer and much more thorny. ", concludes" Rossiyskaya Gazeta ".